Did you know? the American Girl is an American line of 18-inch (46 cm) dolls released in 1986 by Pleasant Company. The dolls portray eight- to twelve-year-old girls of a variety of ethnicities. They are sold with accompanying books told from the viewpoint of the girls. Originally the stories focused on various periods of American history, but were expanded in 1995 to include characters and stories from contemporary life. Aside from the original American Girl dolls, the buyer also has the option to purchase dolls that look like themselves. The options for the line of Truly Me dolls include eye color, face mold, skin color, hair texture, and hair length. A variety of related clothing and accessories is also available. A service for ordering a bespoke doll with features and clothing specified by the owner, dubbed Create Your Own, has also been introduced in 2017.
Pleasant Company was founded in 1986 by Pleasant Rowland, and its products were originally purchasable by mail order only. In 1998, Pleasant Company became a subsidiary of Mattel. The company has been awarded the Oppenheim Toy Portfolio Award eight times. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Girl
Here at eArtesan.com we sell handmade clothes for your beautiful American Girl doll. Judy Lucarelli’s work is beautiful, Judy knits the sweaters and does the sewing of the other pieces that match, making for beautiful outfits. She pays attention to all the details.
Judy makes sweaters, bandanas, skirts, pants, hats, handbags, and backpacks that will fit your doll perfectly and will make her look very stylish.
We have more in stock at our store in Tarpon Springs. Send us an email at email@example.com if you would like to see more pictures.
One of the earliest instruments of the Americas, ancient Panpipes or Panflutes have been excavated from South America all the way north to Canada, with oldest known examples dating back to 4200 BC. Peru is deemed the origin of this gorgeous instrument, and modern Andean panpipes, which may be called Siku, Antara or Zampoña, are very popular today across the continents and around the globe.
Reed, cane, ceramic, condor quill and bone panpipes have been found across the Andes, into the Central American territories of the Maya and Aztec civilizations, to the Cahokia complex on the Mississippi River, to the Ohio River Valley site of the Hopewell Tradition. Believed to have been used for everything from ceremonial rites to personal expression, the distribution of this multi-tubed woodwind is truly impressive.
When we use the words Pan Pipes or Pan Flutes to describe this instrument, we are using European terminology, referencing the Greek god of rustic music, Pan. Panflutes have a long history in both Europe and Asia, but indigenous instruments of this type have their own terminology.
Siku, Antara or Zampoña
Native to the Andes, which extend through the states of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, the Siku is also referred to in Quechua as the Antara, or in Spanish as the Zampoña (meaning 'tubes'). Variations in the construction of these instruments are many. The Siku is thought to have originated in Peru, most closely associated with the Aymara speaking peoples who live around Lake Titicaca. It is of small surprise, considering the amazing boats historically built of the strong totora reeds indigenous to the large lake, that the local culture would develop complex tubular woodwinds. Today, most Siku are made of bamboo. Andean Panpipes may have one to three rows of tubes and come in a wide variety of sizes including:
How Difficult Is It To Play The Indigenous Panpipes?
The main challenge facing the beginner is developing the correct mouth position for playing this multi-tubed instrument. The tubes are held against the chin and air is blown across the rim of the desired tube. In some types of Native Panpipes, two tubes are played simultaneously to achieve a harmony. Once you have developed a correct method of blowing across the tops of the tubes, you will familiarize yourself with the scale of your particular type of Zampoña and be able to begin picking out melodies to play.
Today, some panflutes are concert tuned to make them playable with other Western instruments. When purchasing your Indigenous Panflute, materials may be listed simply as Bamboo.
For more interesting facts about Panflutes, visit Native Flutes Walking.
This is a video in Spanish that teaches how to play the Zampoña.
Profesor Jose Luis Gonzales. Telefono 99745701
This video is a tutorial for how to play the song “The sound of Silence”
This video is a tutorial for how to play the song “over the rainbow”
Llamas were raised for meat and much later became wool producers, together with their cousin, the alpaca. It is estimated that llamas were used to carry wool textiles to the coast approximately 2500 years ago. The Inca culture (approx. 1200 AD to 1532) who had not yet discovered the wheel, relied upon the llama to carry trade goods, produce and military supplies throughout the empire. The pivotal role that llamas and alpacas played in the Incan culture and economy naturally elevated them to a highly regarded status.
About 70 percent of llamas live in Bolivia. According to the book "Los Mamiferos de la Argentina y la Region Austral de Sudamerica by Parera," there were about 3 million llamas in the world as of 2002. They are not considered threatened or endangered.
Llamas are relatively large mammals; they stand around 4 feet tall at the shoulder, though their elongated necks can easily add another foot or two, with an average weight of 250 to 300 pounds. A llama has a long neck and limbs, a rounded muzzle, a bit of an underbite and a cleft upper lip. Each of a llama’s feet has two toes and a thick leathery pad useful for maneuvering rocky, uneven terrain. As for fur, it’s long, shaggy and woolly and comes in a variety of colors.
Curious and sociable, llamas enjoy working with each other, people and even other animals. A communicative species, llamas are vocal -- using a series of calls, hums and clucking sounds to communicate and warn of predators. As social, pack animals, llamas prefer to live in groups of around 20 individuals. A llama pack is comprised of roughly six breeding females and their offspring as well as an alpha male. Dominance is extremely important in a llama pack, and the alpha male will defend his position aggressively if warranted.
Llamas are herbivores, preferring to munch on low shrubs, lichens, grasses, seeds, grains, roots and other mountain vegetation. They graze throughout the day and, like cows, regurgitate their food and chew it as cud. Because their natural habitat -- the Andean highlands in Peru -- is very dry, llamas have adapted to small amounts of water. They only consume around two to three gallons of water and only eat around 1 to 2 percent of their body weight in food each day.
History of the Llamas in North America:
The modern llama is a relative newcomer in North America. Zoos, animal parks, exotic trainers and collectors all imported llamas to the United States in the late 1800's, including the famous William Randolph Hearst collection at San Simeon. In the1930's an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in South America stopped all importation. In 1984, the ban was lifted for llamas from Chile. There were two large importations totaling several hundred llamas and alpacas. The llama "craze" was in full swing. More importation from other South American countries followed as well as selective breeding in their countries of origin and in the United States. Today, llamas are enjoyed by many people in this country and used as show animals, fiber producers, pack animals, hiking companions, therapy animals and pets. There are an estimated 200,000 llamas living in the United States today.
The cradle of llama domestication is the Andean "puna” (Western South America: Peru and Bolivia). Over 6300 years of selective breeding for gentleness have made Llamas the safest and easiest-to-train pack animals in the world. The Aymaran Indians who live near Lake Titicaca in Peru and Bolivia call the llama a "speechless brother", because only a brother would carry the burdens they do without complaint (Ref. Andy Tillman "Speechless Brothers" 1981).
https://animals.mom.me/llama-description-2932.html Llama Description by Christina Stephens